The European Migration Network (EMN) is a network coordinated by the European Commission, consisting of national focal points and national networks in all EU countries, plus Norway.
Its purpose is to provide up-to-date, objective, reliable and comparable information on migration and asylum with a view to supporting policymaking in the European Union in these areas, as well as to the wider public.
On 14 May 2008 the Decision of the Council of the EU (Council Decision 2008/381/EC) created the legal basis for the European Migration Network, the EMN.
The European Migration Network (EMN) is concentrating on the activities of research, analysis and documentation.
A major part of the activities of the European Migration Network lies in the implementation or where appropriate commissioning of research studies.
The primary goal is to cover and evaluate existing research in the Member States.
In order to obtain an overview of recent political and legal developments in the Member States in the field of migration and asylum, the National Contact Points in the European Migration Network draft an annual policy analysis report (Policy Report).
In addition to a description of the main developments in the Member States, the report also deals inter alia with the transposition of EU law at national level.
The main goal of the data collection of the European Migration Network is to establish an extensive compilation of objective, reliable and comparable data on the migration and asylum situation in the Member States and at European level.
A computer-aided information exchange system, which is available via the Internet to various user groups, forms the cornerstone of the document work.
The National Contact Points collect and document information on specified topics from various sources, for example research studies, statistical reports, communications from ministries and publications of non-governmental organisations.
The downloads of the EMN-Webpage are accessible for every user. The database for the documentation is initially restricted to the National Contact Points and the partners in the national networks.
Norway has been a member of EMN since 2010 as the only non-EU country.
The Norwegian contact point consists of Ministry of Justice and Public Security and the Directorate of Immigration.
In order to ensure the flow of objective and reliable information about legislation, policy and practice in the field of migration in Norway and EU, the contact point aims to create and maintain a network of experts in the field of migration and asylum. The network consists of governmental and non- governmental organizations, researchers and individuals active in the field of migration and asylum.
Members in the network:
The EMN Return Expert Group (REG) encompasses return and re-integration issues. The EMN Ad-Нос Query tool collects information on how Member States and Norway deal with specific aspects of return and reintegration in the countries of origin.
Discussions at EMN REG meetings aligns with REG aims to do the following:
For each aspect of return, agreed through consultation with EMN members, the EMN REG should provide a clear overview of the situation across EMN Member States. This overview should serve as a basis to exchange best practices. Meetings provide for the opportunity to discuss current and future programs and to identify synergies. This supports better coordination of the actions of Member States on return and reintegration in and towards third countries.
A dedicated action program is established for the calendar years 2015-2016 based on consultation with the members of the EMN about their needs (e.g. in respect of aspects of return countries or regions of particular interest). The REG expertise meets regularly on average four to five times per year in conjunction with the EMN NCP meetings. Each Member State is free to decide how much it wants to invest in this cooperation.
These EMN Country Factsheets provide a factual overview of the main policy developments in migration and international protection in Norway including latest statistics.