The previous Swedish Government has proposed a range of legislative changes aiming at encouraging circular migration and promoting positive impacts of migration on development. Among the proposed measures are
To assess these proposals in a European context the Swedish Migration Board would like to know whether other (Member) States have similar or other policies facilitating circular migration and/or repeated temporary stays for labour migrants.
Replies were received from 21 EMN NCP. Only the reply from Austria could not be given a wider circulation.
Descriptions of rules and regulations that to a certain extent allow circular migration were received from 8 countries (France (FR), Lithuania (LT), Poland (PL), Slovenia (SL), Sweden (SE), United Kingdom (UK) og Norway (NO)). UK has a similar regulation as the one proposed for Sweden in that a permanent residence permit may be withdrawn when the person has stayed outside the country for 2 years or more. PL og SL have regulations that only make circular migration possible for selected (neighbouring) countries: respectively six and one. In LT the regulations apply to highly qualified workers, and FR did not provide any details. The reply from NO states that the schemes are limited, but do not provide any relevant details. Many replies include information about other measures to make the regulations flexible without providing for circular migration.
Four countries (Bulgaria (BU), Hungary (HU), the Netherlands (NL) and Slovakia (SK)) told that they in 2011 or later introduced regulations that give temporary residence permits to third country labour migrants. In NL this applies to highly qualified employee in selceted activities.