Safe centres for unaccompanied minors - victims of trafficking in human beings (2014)
Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims obliges Member States to take necessary measures to ensure assistance and support of child victims of trafficking and particularly - taking due account of the personal and special circumstances - of unaccompanied minor victims.
Poland wonders how these provisions are implemented by other EMN members, asking the following:
- Where are unaccompanied minors (UMs) referred to and accommodated in case they are identified as minor victims of trafficking in human beings? Are there in your Member State special centres/shelters for UMs - victims of trafficking of human beings?
- Is the accommodation open or close (guarded)?
- Has your Member State implemented a special mechanisms/instruments/procedures preventing UMs (including UMs-victims of trafficking in human beings) from running away the shelters? If yes, please describe them briefly.
- Are above mentioned mechanisms/ instruments/procedures effective or sufficient in minimizing the risk of revictimisation (in case of UMs - victims of trafficking in human beings)?
17 countries, including Norway, responded to this query. There are different systems in different countries to care for this group. In some countries, these cases fall under the refugee reception system. Some also have specialized types of accommodation, while others refer the unaccompanied minors to child welfare services.