A refugee is a person who meets the requirements for being granted protection (asylum) in Norway.

A person will receive a residence permit as a refugee in Norway if he or she:

Has been persecuted for:

  • Ethnicity
  • Pedigree
  • Skin color
  • Religion
  • Nationality
  • Member of a special social group
  • Political opinions

Or on the way home is in real danger of being exposed to:

  • Death penalty
  • Torture
  • Inhuman or degrading treatment
  • Punishment

Special social group

As an asylum seeker, you are entitled to protection if you have a well-founded fear of persecution due to membership in a particular social group. A special social group are people who have a common characteristic beyond the danger of being persecuted.

Examples of members of a special social group:

  • Former victims of human trafficking
  • Lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender people or intersex people
  • Vulnerable groups of women and children

To be entitled to protection, belonging to the group must give real danger of persecution.

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