Two people can get married if they are both over the age of 18, agree to the marriage and want to marry. A child marriage is a marriage between two children, or an adult and a child. A forced marriage is when someone is married against their will.
It is a punishable offence to marry someone who is under the age of 16 years old.
It is a punishable offence to engage in sexual activity with someone who is under the age of 16 years old.
It is a punishable offence to force or pressure someone into marriage.
The person who forces someone to marry risks imprisonment for up to six years. This applies even if the marriage was entered into abroad. Foreign nationals who are convicted of this crime can also be expelled from Norway.
If you are a victim of forced marriage, you can be divorced without being separated first. You can also apply to have the marriage annulled. You must apply for this within six months of being free from the forced marriage, and no later than five years after you entered into the marriage. If the marriage is annulled, you are registered as unmarried, not as divorced.
If you are a victim of forced marriage, you can get help. You can be provided with safe accommodation at an emergency shelter, help from the child welfare service, receive guidance and legal assistance to report this to the police and have the marriage annulled.
A forced marriage, or a child marriage, will as a general rule not be approved as grounds for family reunification as a spouse.
The UDI can reject an application for family immigration if we believe that you or your spouse is a victim or forced marriage, or if you provide us with such information.
It is you who decide if the applicant is going to come to Norway on family immigration with you. If you do not want the applicant to come to Norway, it is important that you let us know. The UDI will then reject the application. You do not need to give any reason for why you do not want the applicant to come to Norway.
If you have come to Norway after being granted family immigration with your spouse, you can apply for a residence permit in Norway for yourself if your marriage is annulled because it was a forced marriage.
If you fear that you will be forced to marry against your will while you are abroad, you should not leave. It can be difficult for Norwegian authorities to help you abroad. You should seek help if you fear that you will be forced to marry abroad. You can contact the police at any time to get help, also at the airport.
If you fear that someone will force you to go, you can hand in your passport to the police.
If you fear that you are going to be married against your will, and you are below the age of 18 years old, you should contact the child welfare services.
If you travel abroad, you should first tell someone you trust where you are going and how they can contact you. Give this person, for example a teacher, a copy of your passport and ask them to contact the police if you do not return to Norway at the agreed time. You can also notify the Norwegian embassy about your situation.